If you are anything like most men I have spoken to over the years, you have had your struggles becoming a true Christian man. Not the least struggle is learning to become a true patriarchal leader in the home. As most men can attest to, being a familial leader in a society that has adopted an egalitarian ideal that puts all members of the family on equal terms, is a difficult task.
This struggle often gets messy when the wife has been brought up in a society that is constantly telling her to take charge. This is the flip-side of the manly struggle to be a true Christian leader. Society is trying to train leadership out of boys and men, while at the same time, trying to instill it in the female gender. I think of the term bandied about by many, "empowerment". While I would be the first to defend a woman suffering from domestic violence, this is not what we are speaking about. The struggle is to accept, adopt, and grow into our God-given roles as Christian men and women, particularly in the calling of marriage.
One can see this struggle in a very tangible way in watching young people attempt to learn more traditional styles of couples dancing. The male is often the docile student of the female, however, due to the very nature of the dance, the male must lead. Once a man has learned the dance well, he will come to terms with his need to lead. If this well-schooled man takes a partner that is new to the dance he may have to struggle to lead her around the dance floor...."Let me lead!" he may say with pursed lips.
What makes this messy in the home is that both parties, husband and wife, have almost no experience or models in which to learn the correct way to lead and submit. This can become a battle of wills, who has not said or heard the following:
"Just take the lead"
"Just make a decision"
"No, you decide, I will do whatever you want"
"Be the man"
"Let me lead"
Sometimes through manipulation and quiet prodding, one spouse will learn to get "their way". This of course is not the Christian ideal. Nor is a wife to outright order her husband, "to be the man". On the flip-side, the man is not to become a bully, using his God-given role as a sort of stick to get his way. Throughout this struggle a couple with inevitably have battles, but what must be learned is the proper way for both man and woman to obtain the same goals. Neither should be a bully or be bullied, neither should claim to have no desire or will on a matter. Both should work together, however, utilizing the gifts of their roles to reach their desired end.
This can be a very confusing way of operating, especially for the newly married, or the couple that has been married for years, but living outside the properly defined roles. The husband may be too tough or too soft, the wife may be too submissive, or to strong-willed. When one is too far to either extreme it can lead to further extremes in the other spouse. This is why communication is so important, in all its forms, verbal and non-verbal. Couples must work this out...this is what St. Paul was referring to when he told the Philippians to, "with fear and trembling, work out your salvation." (Philippians 2:12) It will not be an easy task, but it is possible, however it may take a l
Why are the domestic arts worth doing?
This question kept coming to my mind. I was speaking with my neighbor who had a wonderfully abundant little garden this past summer. He even had many late tomatoes. Right before the first frost he had harvested all the green ones left that were on the tomato plants and ripened them indoors. He had worked and worked and made a large batch of sauce. When we spoke together he said when all was said and done he wasn’t sure if it was worth the work or if he should have just bought a jar of sauce for a dollar and avoided all the work.
Every time I approach gardening, canning, sewing, or learning a new domestic art the unavoidable question in my mind, after the initial zeal of starting the new project has worn off, is “Is it worth it?”. Some intuition within said that these skills and arts are just “good”. Like the “good” that the Lord used after creation. Then the question became, “Why are they good?”. I’ve been investigating this question a bit and have found that far greater thinkers than I have also had this question and have answered with multitudinous reasons for the goodness of the domestic arts. By the domestic arts I mean here those skills that tend toward a plentiful, self-sufficiency of the home and homestead.
Some of the reasons that most struck me were, the ability to have more hands on contact with reality which ultimately leads to a humble awe of God and His providence, the creation of an environment that is not hostile to but promotes a contemplative heart and an active mind, the appreciation of the material value and quality of things, and the sense of value that attaining these accomplishments can offer to an individual who is sharing them with their family. Yes, the domestic arts are worth doing.
Now the problem is that if most folks are like me, these are not skills that I were taught growing up. Modern American Catholic family life is very compartmentalized. Faith is private and personal, Church is Church, work is needed for the wage, wage is needed for all the necessities and more. It all seems rather separated. It’s hard for our faith to be integrated into all areas of our life. The domestic arts seem to be cute hobbies or extras. They are seen as a nostalgic connection with the “good old days”. So, even if we come to the point of believing that the domestic arts are good in themselves, than we can be overwhelmed by how far apart our present lifestyle and our vision of an integrated Catholic lifestyle are. All of these individual skills need to be learned for the first time for most of us. This can be very daunting as anyone who has tried using a sewing pattern for the first will understand. This task requires a re-learning and training in the means and ends of living an integrated Catholic life really. In this day and age this work of become integrated self sufficient Catholic homes could take a life time or more and may even be impossible. But perhaps the goal is not to attain the whole vision, perhaps “the great aim of training is to begin at the very beginning, naturally and supernaturally, and reconstruct Catholic life step by step.” (from Training for the Land by Fr. John McQuillan, D.D.) Each “step” is worth it.
Here is a decent article on the difficulty we find ourselves in as fathers. Click on the link below.
One issue of much contention in Christian circles is the issue of women working outside the home. This is particularly contentious among couples without children. One would argue, "Of course the woman should work outside the home, she must do her part!" This part, of course, is the very root of the discussion.
What is a woman's part or role in the modern Christian family. Let us first begin with what the present norm is among Christian families. A marriage begins, and often is begun with two college graduates, or at least with two persons that are working full-time. Thus, in modern times, most couples work full or near full-time until the blessed gift of the first child arrives. Then the issue becomes serious, does the mother return to work, and if so, when? Thus the norm is that Christian women stay in the workforce until they are no longer able to due to the increasing demands of life at home, ie, children.
So this is where we find ourselves. Now, what should the norm be? The Council of Trent explains, "The word matrimony is derived from the fact that the principal object which a female should propose to herself in marriage is to become a mother." Everything then should tend toward this principal object of motherhood. Many modern women find themselves caring for a child for the very first time after they give birth. This can be a great moment of shock to a young woman that has never spent nights awake, suffering from a lack of sleep, internal pain, and even psychological struggles that can occur after childbirth. Young mothers often feel a sense of isolation once they are removed from the busy workplace to tend to a child in an often vacant home.
This principal object that the Council speaks of could never be a course of study, even in the best Catholic University. The rightful place of study is in the home, where a young girl learns to mimic her mother and imitate her in the care of her siblings. The large family is a school of motherhood for young girls. When a mother decides to work outside the home, the children are left to learn and imitate their peers in school. This leaves a gaping void in a young girl's life which can only be filled by time spent tending the home with her mother.
Of course, this principal object of the Council is at odds with the contraceptive mentality of limiting child birth. A young couple must decide early on what their vision of family life is, otherwise, the world's pressure to make money leads to a sort of wage-slavery, which is almost impossible to break once the burden's of life increase through debt and spending. Once a couple becomes used to two incomes, reverting to one after a child is born puts an enormous strain on the home. It then becomes a point of contention between spouses and finances can wreak havoc even in the most Christian of homes.
The Council calls this object of giving birth to children a "blessing", and thus, Christian couples should see it that way. While rearing children can be burdensome, it is a daily gift for those that accept it. So much so that the Apostle says that a woman shall be saved by her childbearing! (see 1 Tim. 2:15) Thus bearing children is the principal object for a woman entering matrimony, the primary end of marriage, and an incredible way for a woman to become sanctified.
I was once discussing the difficulties a teacher was having in her classroom. She was at her end with a student and felt that she just couldn't affect a change in him. I had the difficult task of reminding her that the mother and father had sacramental grace on their side to help with raising the child, and she did not! Think of this, God offers sacramental grace to every Christian couple to bear and raise their children, and yet how many refuse this grace through either artificial or natural means of hindering conception!? How many couples choose to limit or hold off conception for financial reasons? I am not referring here to destitution, but those that hold off to purchase a home or car or to just "get a little ahead". In this they have chosen "mammon" over the very grace that God has for them.
For the modern couple these decisions are extremely difficult. A woman can often feel a burden on the home. K.L. Kenrick puts it this way, "The wife and mother of today feels that she is a mere parasite upon the husband and father, as indeed she is, because she makes no real contribution to the economic life of the family. Nearly everything needed in the house is made in the factory and bought from the shop already for immediate use and consumption...The impact of this conviction on many women is such as to make them feel either that they are a mere toy or else an intolerable burden." (Flee to the Fields, pg 114) This leads to most modern women finding their sense of worth outside the home.
Any farming couple knows how silly this all is. They know how indispensable is the mother's contribution to the home. Whether it be canning, cleaning, ordering seed, or assisting in the fields, the farming mother is keen to her requirement to keep the farm running. Homeschooling families experience this same feeling. As most fathers work outside the home, the mother becomes the de-facto educator of her children. Without her in the home, the family would be forced to submit their children to either a state-run school, or oftentimes, a very worldly private school. A mother in the home has the grace to affect change and to form her children like no other teacher in any other school. In this she is the most "blessed among women"!
In these times, the art of homemaking is lost for the most part. Young girls, aside from the few and far between traditional families, have no example of what it means to be a "homemaker". The womanly grace of running an efficient, holy, frugal home is mostly lost. The modern mother can easily tend to become a manager of sorts, only coordinating the ongoing and incessant activities in and out of the home, many times from the driver's seat of her minivan. She may be involved in multiple extra-curricular activities that take her outside of the home week after week. These activities may even be religious in nature. However, if she has decided to leave the home and to put off her duties to her children and spouse, she in essence has neglected the grace of God. This is a difficult saying, I know, but it cuts to the very core of the Christian home.
God has given His grace to the sacrament for the purpose of bringing for children of God and for uniting spouses. This grace is given to help the mother and father become holy, and to help their children to become saints. At extraordinary times, He may call a person out of the home for an extraordinary purpose, such as some of the Apostles were called, however, this is not the norm. The bottom line is this, a woman is given a great gift in the ability to bear children. She is also given a great gift in the sacrament of Matrimony to raise those children, and she can become sanctified through her childbearing. How many couples today choose convenience over the grace of God when it comes to making the decision of having the woman work outside the home?
At the very heart of this discussion is the responsibility of the husband and father to provide a vision and a way for his family in which the wife is able to stay at home. In his role as priest, prophet, and king, he needs to provide a suitable place for his wife to grow in holiness and his family to flourish. He must be her faithful companion, her strong pillar of faith, and her guide in tough times. He must help her discern, help her plan, help her carry out the vision he has put forth. If he is neglecting his role, who should be surprised if his wife would do the same?
Coepiscopi means fellow bishops. The phrase is taken from St.Augustine's address to his "fellow bishops," the familial men of his diocese of Hippo. St. Augustine said to his Coepiscopi: "Each and every one of you have in the home the bishop's office to see to it that neither his wife nor his son nor his daughter nor even his servant fall away from the truth. For they were bought with a great price."